Colors and Shapes

Colors and shapes are the main ways that we use to describe and categorize everything. Learning about colors and shapes is a great way to get some vocabulary for describing the world around us. This opens up new and exciting avenues for verbal communication.

When we are able to identify colors and shapes, we can sort and classify objects based on these attributes.

Colors are useful to give us information about health and safety sometimes. For example, we use red in our culture to indicate ‘danger’ or ‘stop,’ such as with red stop lights and signs. If a person’s skin has blue marks, it may mean they have suffered a bruise. If a person’s skin turns red, they may have spent too much time in the sun.

The written symbols we use for letters and numbers are really just shapes. When we develop proficiency at learning shapes such as squares and circles, we also are developing the classification and visual discrimination skills to distinguish between characters e.g ‘k’ and ‘x’ or between ‘p’ and ‘g.’

List of basic shapes

learning shapes

Shapes
Diamon  Heart 
Triangle  Circle 
Star  Oval 
Rectangle  Square 

Learn about 25 popular shapes in English

popular 2D shapes in english

2D Shapes Learning
Circle  Ellipse 
Oval  Square 
Rectangle  Trapezium 
Parallelogram  Rhombus 
Kite  Triangle 
Right triangle  Scalene triangle 
Pentagon  Hexagon 
Heptagon  Octagon 
Nonagon  Decagon 
Star  Heart 
Crescent  Cross 
Pie  Arrow 

List of basic colors

learning colors

Colors
White  Brown 
Pink  Black 
Purple  Blue 
Green  Yellow 
Orange  Red 

Color palette

color palette

Color palette
Black  Dark gray 
Dark brown  Brown 
Charcoal  Gray 
Brown  Camel 
Gray  Light gray 
Beige  White 
Bone  Cream 
Pink  Light pink 
Peach  Fuchsia 
Pink  Coral 
Red  Plum 
Mauve  Rust 
Orange  Purple 
Plum  Copper 
Cobalt  Violet 
Mustard  Yellow 
Navy  Periwinkle 
Banana  Blue 
Light blue  Green 
Chartreuse  Blue-green 
Sea foam  Olive 
Green  Turquoise 
Hunter  Celery 
Emerald  Teal 

How to ask questions about colours in English

We use “What colour….?” to ask colours in English.
What colour is it?  It is blue. 
What colour is your hair?  My hair is black. 
What colour are they?  They are yellow. 
What colour is her dress?  It is white and pink. 
What is your favourite colour?  It is green. 
We use “What colour….?” to ask colours in English.
What colour is it?  It is blue. 
What colour is your hair?  My hair is black. 
What colour are they?  They are yellow. 
What colour is her dress?  It is white and pink. 
What is your favourite colour?  It is green. 
We can use “light” to mean less in degree and “dark” to mean more in degree while expressing colours.
a light green table cloth  a dark brown chair